Archive for March, 2009

 

 Sa..re..ga

guitar_man

 

So clubbies… hope you all would have got a feel of dance….now its time to know and learn about something without which everything is nothing. And that is

                                          

 

Music or Sangeet

 Well to begin with let us see what Music is in everybody’s Life?

bigpic-musicians

Music is what makes you move, Music is what makes you groove, Music can be good or bad depending on how it is used
Music can make you choose different clothes to wear , Music can make you change your hair
Music can make you choose new friends, Music can make you want to dance
Music can make you fight, Music can make everything alright
Music can take care of you when you are alone, Music can make everything feel like home
Music can harm and take away, Music can make you want to stay
Music is the only friend I have, Music is my mom and dad
Music is what keeps me alive, When I feel like I can’t survive

 

DEFINITION OF MUSIC

There is no fixed definition of music as each individual can define it in his/her own sense. Lots of famous musicians have defined it in the way they had looked at it. Well below is one which I felt suits more  to our contest .

“Music is an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner

These are not the only ones ….. There are hundreds of other definitions…Well you can define your own depending on what according to you music is?” by putting up your comments

As it is rightly said “Music is your own experience, your thoughts, your wisdom.  If you don’t live it, it won’t come out of your horn” by Charlie Parker

 

ERAS of MUSIC

bagpipes2

 

 Musical works and their composers are usually described as belonging to a specific era like Bach wrote “Baroque” music, for example, while Chopin was a “Romantic” composer.

 

These terms serve as a sort of shorthand to tell us that the music shares aspects of style with other pieces written at roughly the same time. These eras of music, however, relate to more than just the sounds of the pieces. They reflect broad changes in society and culture that influenced the way music was written, performed, and heard.

The six main periods in music history are

(1) Medieval

(2) Renaissance

(3) Baroque

(4) Classical

(5) Romantic and

(6) Twentieth Century.

 

COMMON ELEMENTS OF MUSIC

sheet_music

Music is made up of the following elements

·     Pitch (which governs melody and harmony),

·     Rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation),

·     Dynamics, and

·       The sonic qualities of timbre and texture.

Some E-Learnings

Every musician needs to know the basics of music theory like note reading, intervals, scales, and much more. Well keep blogging in to e-learn the theory of music and all the elements that relates to it. From common symbols used in music to playing chords, these guides will help make you become better musicians.

 STYLES OF MUSIC

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Throughout the world’s history many styles have developed. Some of them are

·         Carribean

·         Classical

·         Folk

·         Jazz

·         Latin

·         R & B

·         Rock n Roll

 

 TYPES OF INSTRUMENTS

band-instruments

There are a very large number of musical instruments, each with its own unique sound and quality. These musical instruments can be divided into 4 basic categories that are based on the mechanism by which the instrument makes its sound.

·   String Instruments : Guitar, violin and piano

·   Wind Instruments: Flute, oboe, clarinet and saxophone

·   Brass Instruments: Trumpet, french horn, trombone and tuba

·   Percussion Instruments: Drums and cymbals

 

INDIA’S MOST RENOWNED & FAVOURITE MUSICIANS

Music wouldn’t be where and what it is today without the contribution of many talented and creative musicians and composers. Here is one of the India’s most notable and prolific musician in history. More will be posted in next sessions.

 

ar_rahman_oscar_performanceA R Rehman:Pioneer of Music, Rahman is the first Indian to win two Oscar

His film scoring career began in the early 1990s. He has won thirteen Film fare Awards, four National Film Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe and two Academy Awards. Working in India’s various film industries, international cinema and theatre, by 2003, Rahman, in a career spanning over a decade, has sold more than 100 million records of his film scores and soundtracks worldwide, and sold over 200 million cassettes, making him one of the world’s all-time top selling recording artists.

 

 

Test your Musical Knowledge

What is called “A Choral music performed without instrumental accompaniment”

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Team Chrysalis

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sahyog

 

 

If you want to make a difference in someone’s life and pay the society back for all it has given to you, join SAHYOG.

 

Team Sahyog will coordinate with Dr. Reddy’s Foundation and support them in their activities.

 

Team Sahyog will bridge the gap between DRF and IPDO employees so that more and more employees can volunteer in the activities.

 

You can register in Sahyog by sending your details (Name, Email Id, and Phone Number) through:

 

Blog- www.drlttclub.wordpress.com

Mail – To K Ramana Kumar/RA/IPD-Unit4/DRL/IN

Or Sampada Wani/TSD/IPD-Unit4/DRL/IN

 

Phone – K Ramana Kumar (9246310870) or Sampada Wani (9177459806)

 

 

Registrations close on 3rd April 09.

Quizzard-III

Posted: March 25, 2009 in Hobbies Club, Literary Club

 

 

 1. Which Russian female made headlines on Nov 3 ,1957 for doing what no one of its kind ever did before?

 

2. Who are these people and what is common between them?

 

 

 3. This term is coined by  O.Henry which is  generally used to describe nations which are politically unstable  , which is also the  name of a leading apparel brand?

 

 4. Started as “Jerry’s guide to world wide web “, which is now among one of the biggest names in IT, name the company

 

 

 5. This comic book hero was born as Kal El  on the planet of Krypton before being rocketed to earth who eventually went on to become a superhero .Name the character

 

6. Howie Dorough, Brian Littrel , Nick Carter, Kevin  Richardson, A.J.McLean are famously known as….

  gary

 

7. This chess-playing computer developed by IBM won six game match by two wins to one with three draws against world champion Garry kasparov. Name the computer

flower2

 

 

8. This painting is extremely famous for its simplicity, is painted by a very famous Dutch artist .Name the painting and the artist. 

 
  

 9. Simple Math Puzzle

 

 a. There are certain number of flowers.

    If these are distributed as 2s there is 1 left out.
    If these are distributed as 3s there are 2 left out..
    If these are distributed as 4s there are 3 left out… 
    If these are distributed as 7s there are none left out.
    How many flower werethere ?
 
  

 b. Can you name a thing which so fragile that it can be broken even by uttering its name?

 

 

10.Name the only Nation whose flag is asymmetrical .

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

Credit Card

 Who doesn’t use credit cards these days?

 But did you know that… 

 

 The use of credit cards originated in the United States during the 1920s, when individual firms, such as oil companies and hotel chains, began issuing them to customers.” However, references to credit cards have been made as far back as 1890 in Europe. Early credit cards involved sales directly between the merchant offering the credit and credit card, and that merchant’s customer. Around 1938, companies started to accept each other’s cards. Also, Credit cards were not always been made of plastic. There have been credit tokens made from metal coins, metal plates, and celluloid, metal, fiber, paper, and now mostly plastic cards.

 

  coffee_injection

 

 

 Coffee is the world’s most popular stimulant.  

Caffeine increases the power of aspirin and other pain killers and that is why it is found in some medicines.

 But did you know that…

 

Ironically, caffeine withdrawal also is one of the most common causes of headaches. Women who drink 2 or more cups of coffee a day also have an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. This, however, can be offset by drinking milk or yoghurt to replace the lost calcium.Most studies have found that high caffeine consumption impairs fertility, and taken during pregnancy may cause premature or defected birth.

  

 

 

 

TIP

 

 

  

Paying a tip has become a norm.

 But did you know that…

 

The word “tip” is also related to coffee. It comes from old London coffeehouses where the waiters’ brass boxes were etched with the inscription, “To Insure Promptness.” In fact, it was in one such coffeehouses which belonged to a Mr Lloyd that a few cargo insurers got together to start the Lloyd’s insurance company.

 

 

Quick Facts

The word “cappuccino” comes from the 16th century Capuchin order of friars, whose hoods were called cappuccinos. A cappuccino is a coffee topped with steamed milk.

A “barista” is an expert in the preparation of espresso-based coffee drink.

The small cup in which an espresso (sometimes referred to as expresso) is served is called a demitasse”.

   

Quick FactsThe inventor of the first bank driven credit card was John Biggins of the Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn in New York in 1946. This was followed by Diners Club Card in 1950, American Express in 1958.

Bank of America issued the Bank Americard credit card in 1958,now popularly known as VISA.

  

 

For more such trivia/information keep checking the Did You Know Section at the blog.

You can also share similar facts by posting them in the comment section or mailing them to us.

 

 

From Beaker to Reactor!

&

From 10 mg to 1000 Kg!!!

Same concept! Same process!! Same reaction!!!

What changes then……………?

Chrysalis Brings “Expedition” – R&D concepts to Commercial production (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients) to provide a detailed and broader understanding of the manufacturability aspect of an API with illustrative case studies.

Scope of the session:

1. Manufacturability: Understanding of manufacturability from R&D as well Production point of view.

2. Dimensions of manufacturability:

a. Developmental Aspects

b. Scale Up aspects

c. Process validation and equipment qualification.

4. Bottlenecks and Paradigms

5. Learning from the experiences

By:

K.R. Janardana Sarma

Vice President, COE Process Engineering

Venue: C block Training Hall

Date and Time: 25th March 2009, 2.30 to 5.30 PM

Target Audience: Open for all IPDOites. It’s mandatory for TTs to attend the session.

Team Chrysalis

 

Stepograph–1

Posted: March 17, 2009 in Events, Hobbies Club, Steps and Octaves

Oops… hope its moving good among clubbies…..

 

Now its our turn… danciis ….   First online Step in STEPS

 

Dance–moves–waves–steps–nadanam–natya, Everything denotes one neutral thing “Body language”, for those of dance lovers. For others its (atleast) stretches or exercises for body fitness.

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But by any mean it’s a therapy to the fitness for both body and mind (for those practices perfectly).

SO What I require To learn Dance…..?

i)            Should know one form of dance atleast

ii)          Should know music atleast basics (sa .. re.. ga… ma… pa… da… ne….sa….)

iii)        Should have passed any grade in reputed music institutions…

Ofcourse The above things are not required.

Only interest and dedication. Ya quite right “No pain No gain”, applies hither too.

Here something about the dance forms and its origination. And share our views over those forms to club our info towards that of our passion.

(Discuss — section at the end of article)

Lets start with our traditional dance forms.

The Indian dance is believed to be one of the oldest art that has been through a steady development for nearly two thousand years. All dance forms follow the same gestures or hasta mudras for each of these rasas. The major schools of classical dance in India are Kathak, Manipuri, Odissi, Bharatha Natyam, Kuchipudi , Kathakali and Mohiniattam, apart from the Folk and Tribal dances.

Its for sure this article created for our information sharing alone and accompanied with data only to know the Technical Aspects.

Bharatanatyam traces its origins to the Natya Shastra written by Bharata Muni (c. 400 BCE – 200 BCE), a sage. It consists of elaborate gestures (Mridu Angaharas, movements of limbs), sentiments (Rasas), emotional states (Bhavas). Actions (Kriyas) are its soul.

It consists of,

Purakkoothu or Nritta is pure dance which consists of movements of the body and limbs which are performed to create beauty and decorative effect and not to convey any specific meaning or idea to the beholder. 

Ahakkoothu or Nritya on the other hand is dance with facial expressions. i.e. a dance which is performed specifically to convey the meaning or import of a theme or an idea to the beholder. The Pindi and Pinayal mentioned here are the single handed gestures or Asamyuta Hastas and double handed gestures or Samyuta Hastas

Karanas

Karanas are the 108 key transitional movements. Most of these 108 Karanas have a central, static pose as a base, usually supposed to stop and maintain it for a very brief duration (0.5 sec).

Hastas

A distinctive feature of Bharata Natyam Dance is the use of expressive hand gestures as a way of communication. Some of those are here for your updates,

The Pindi or single handed gestures are 28 in number and they are: — Pataka, Tripataka, Ardha-Pataka. Kartari-Mukha, Mayura, Ardha-chandra, Arala, Sukatunda. Mushti. Sikjara. Kapittha. Kataka-Muk­ha. Suci, Chandra-kala. Padma-kosa, Sarpa-sirsa, Mrga-sirsha, Simha­Mukha, Kangula. Sola-padma, Chatura, Bhramara. Hamsasya. Hamsa­paksha,  Samdamsa, Mukula, Tamrachuda. Trisula.

 2

 

The Pinayal or double-handed gestures which are 24 in number are Anjali Kapotha, Kar­kata, Swastika, Dolahasta. Pushpa puta. Utsanga. Sivalinga, Katakavar­dhana, Kartari-Swastika, Sakata. Sanku, Chakra, Samouta, Pasa, Kilaka, Matsya. Kurrna. Veraha, Garuda, Nagabanda. Khadva, Berunda, Avhit­din.

3

Adavus

A series of steps, adavus, and their execution vary greatly from style to style. Most schools recognize 108 principal adavus. A combination of adavus is called jathis, which make up the Nritta passages in a Bharatanatyam performance.

Bhedas and eye movements

Bharatanatyam technique includes elaborate neck and eye movements. Abhinaya Darpanam, for instance, has defined only 9 head movements, 4 neck movement and 8 eye movements (compared with 36 of Natya Shastra) which are used extensively throughout the dance.

Head Movements (Shiro bhedas): Sama, Udhvahita, Adhomukha, Alolita,Dhutam, Kampitam, Paravruttam, Utkshiptam and Parivahitam.

Neck Movements (Griva bhedas): Sundari, Tirashchina, Parivartita, Prakampita

Eye Movements (Drishti bhedas): Sama, Alolita, Sachi, Pralokita, Nimilite, Ullokita,Anuvritta, Avalokita

Now to touch the intension of this SMALL INTRO is…..

These are Some Technical Aspects of Bharatha natyam. And Its believe that a perfect Performer of this art is a product of 7 years practice, who can sing as well as can play classical instrument(flute, yal etc.,)

v  And lets strongly believe, that 7 years is not required to learn how to dance for enjoyment.

v  And I believe only tonnes of interest can change people’s passion towards professionalism.

v  Now ADD UR VIEWS over other forms and even on the above…..(Mandatory for those who loves music and dance especially).

AND NOW….

Topic of the turn…..

How symmetry is related to dance ….? 

Quote ur views…… Lets part danciis,

And the second section in our review

  “Quote the move”  .

Say wat we can express using the below Move…. (Not dependent on any dance forms as we believe its a unique language globally.)

 4

 

With Moves,

Karthikeyan. E  for  TEAM CHRYSALIS

Vocalics – I

Posted: March 6, 2009 in Hobbies Club, Steps and Octaves

 

“It is not merely the voice, but the entire being, the heart, the vocal cords, the tongue and the nose that shine in all the seven notes of the octave. Let us worship the confluence of all these through music”                                             

 Tyagaraja, 18th Century

 

Vocal music is a genre of music performed by one or more singers, with or without instrumental accompaniment, in which singing (i.e. vocal performance) provides the main focus of the piece.

 

It is believed that people must have started singing by the nature’s inspiration that is to say – chirping of birds, flow of water etc. as a pass time, to relax oneself but today it ranges from being a hobby to a profession. Lets’ get an insight into it,

 

This is for all the voices which create magic and to all the ears which enjoy the music.

The Beatles

The Beatles

 Human voice consists of sound made by human beings using the vocal cords. Lungs produce airflow to the vocal cords which vibrate and fine tune the articulators (tongue, palate, cheek, lungs etc.) which articulate and filter the sound, that is to say air is the fuel for voice.

 

images1Singers use the human voice as an instrument for creating music.

 

        “Singing is the ultimate do-it-yourself activity. No one can do it for you and no one can make you feel good about the discouraging days. No one will get you to work on it tomorrow. Singing is your job. It’s a test of will. But if you find this will, you will also find the voice of your dreams ’’

Jeffrey Allen

 

Training to become the next Presley? Do check the following.

 

Where you practice can be as important to your vocal workout as how much you practice. Make sure you practice in a place where you feel free to sing out — without worry as to who might be listening.

Singing at gigs, recording sessions or band rehearsals should not be considered practice. You must also make time for yourself to sing without the pressure of having to sound good. Give yourself the luxury of taking chances and making mistakes during your own, private workout.singers2

When you practice, do so slowly and give yourself the time to relax before your workout — don’t rush! Haste is the #1 enemy of meaningful vocalizing.

If you vocalize for a half and hour everyday, you’ll be surprised at how much more ready to sing you’ll always be.

Always train yourself to be able to sing one or two notes higher than required in your performances. This insurance will allow you to relax on stage.  

choirTime to tickle your brain:

 Vocal music is probably the oldest form of music, since it does not require any instrument besides the human voice. All musical cultures have some form of vocal music. Let us restrict ourselves to India in this post.

Indian classical music broadly has how many forms vocal music and what are they? (Answer in the next post)