An Engineering Session

Posted: March 13, 2011 in Uncategorized

Hey Friends,
A few months back, we had a session by Dr.Praveen Duhan on the biological aspects and the fate of a drug after its entry into the human body.
We are now planning to have a session on the engineering aspects of the pharmaceutical industry.
You are invited to come up with suggestions for this session and discuss them here in this blog-the concepts that you feel should get covered and the technical questions that frequently trouble your mind in your day-to-day work.

Team Chrysalis


Celebrations 2011

Posted: October 27, 2010 in Uncategorized


Dear All,

We strive for excellence in everything we think, say and do.

Our Corporate Values are based on the above principle. We all strive to achieve our purpose of providing affordable and Innovative Medicines for healthier lives and have always aimed for excellence through our actions. Every day, across the world, each one of us is continuously, setting new standards in excellence and then surpassing them.

While we continually recognize the acts of excellence in different ways on different platforms, it is at our annual Celebrations that we reiterate the belief and strengthen our resolve.  To reinforce the “SPIRIT OF EXCELLENCE” we are launching our preparations for Celebrations 2011.  Over the next few months  several sports and cultural events will be conducted across all our global  locations  and  culminate  with  the Awards Night in January  2011, where  we  will  celebrate  the  achievement of excellence by our teams and individuals  through  the  Awards  of Excellence.    There will be multiple Awards recognizing outstanding contributions to the organization. These Awards will not only recognize excellence across different fields but also motivate all of us to strive towards still higher levels.  Saumen will share the details of these Awards in a subsequent communication.
The annual Celebrations are an effort of many of our colleagues across the organization. It is wonderful to see the spirit of teamwork and collaboration as many of you plan, participate and execute in the series of events.   Celebrations, is an opportunity for us to uncover our organizing capability and   latent potential.  Every year we have had teams setting newer standards of excellence in designing and delivering Celebrations. This year also, I am sure that we will excel.

I  am  delighted to announce that the effort for Celebrations 2011  will be led by K  Ganesh,  Vice President  – Global Business Services, Merger & Acquisition,   Treasury,  Risk  and  Insurance.  A cross-BU/function Core Committee will be formed and will support K Ganesh in leading the entire effort of Celebrations 2011.
Like every year the effort will be successful only if we have many of you coming forth as volunteers. It is a great opportunity to learn and practise various aspects of working in cross functional teams.   And in the  process  we will create  a  mega  event  and build our knowledge and understanding  of  different parts of Dr. Reddy’s.  I invite and encourage each one of you to actively participate in the initiatives that are being rolled out over the next few months and build the spirit of excellence.
Please feel free to share your suggestions and ideas with Ganesh and the Core team.
Let us together celebrate the Spirit of Excellence once again!


Satish Reddy


Putting Heads Together

Posted: October 11, 2010 in Uncategorized

New study: Groups demonstrate distinctive ‘collective intelligence’ when facing difficult tasks

When it comes to intelligence, the whole can indeed be greater than the sum of its parts. A new study co-authored by MIT researchers documents the existence of collective intelligence among groups of people who cooperate well, showing that such intelligence extends beyond the cognitive abilities of the groups’ individual members, and that the tendency to cooperate effectively is linked to the number of women in a group.

Many social scientists have long contended that the ability of individuals to fare well on diverse cognitive tasks demonstrates the existence of a measurable level of intelligence in each person. In a study published Thursday, Sept. 30, in the advance online issue of the journal Science, the researchers applied a similar principle to small teams of people. They discovered that groups featuring the right kind of internal dynamics perform well on a wide range of assignments, a finding with potential applications for businesses and other organizations.

“We did not know if groups would show a general cognitive ability across tasks,” said Thomas W. Malone, the Patrick J. McGovern Professor of Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management, one of the authors of the paper. “But we found that there is a general effectiveness, a group collective intelligence, which predicts a group’s performance in a lot of situations.”

That effectiveness, the researchers believe, stems from how well the group works together. Groups whose members had higher levels of “social sensitivity” — the willingness of the group to let all its members take turns and apply their skills to a given challenge — were more collectively intelligent. “Social sensitivity has to do with how well group members perceive each other’s emotions,” said Malone. “In groups where one person dominated, the group was less intelligent than in groups where the conversational turns were more evenly distributed.” Teams containing more women demonstrated greater social sensitivity and in turn collective intelligence, compared to teams containing fewer women.

When ‘groupthink’ is good

To arrive at their conclusions, the researchers conducted two studies in which 699 people were placed in groups of two to five and worked on tasks that ranged from visual puzzles to negotiations, brainstorming, games and complex rule-based design assignments. The researchers concluded that a group’s collective intelligence accounted for about 30 to 40 percent of the variation in performance.

Moreover, the researchers found that the performances of groups were not primarily due to the individual abilities of the group members. To determine this, many of the participants also performed similar tasks individually. The average and maximum intelligence of individuals did not significantly predict the performance of their groups.

The paper’s lead author was Anita Woolley, an assistant professor at Carnegie Mellon University’s Tepper School of Business. The other researchers in the study were Christopher Chabris, an assistant professor of psychology at Union College in New York; Malone; Alexander Pentland, the Toshiba Professor of Media Arts & Science at the MIT Media Lab; and Nada Hashmi, a doctoral candidate at MIT Sloan. The study received funding from the National Science Foundation, the Army Research Office and Cisco Systems.

To record the interactions of people, the researchers equipped study participants with wearable electronic badges — designed by Pentland’s Media Lab group — that provided a complete record of a group’s conversational patterns and revealed a group’s propensity to take turns. “When you do that, it’s possible to get patterns you’ve never seen before,” said Pentland.

Only when analyzing the data did the co-authors suspect that the number of women in a group had significant predictive power. “We didn’t design this study to focus on the gender effect,” Malone said. “That was a surprise to us.” One implication is that the level of collective intelligence should keep rising along with the proportion of women in a group. To be sure, as Malone said, that gender effect is a generalization. “Of course some males have more social skill or social sensitivity than females,” Malone acknowledged. “What our results indicate is that people with social skills are good for a group — whether they are male or female.”

Thomas Malone discusses collective intelligence.

Malone said he believes the study applies to many kinds of organizations. “Imagine if you could give a one-hour test to a top management team that would allow you to predict how flexibly that group of people would respond to a wide range of problems that might arise,” he said. “That would be a pretty interesting application. We also think it’s possible to improve the intelligence of a group, by either changing the members of a group, or teaching them better ways of interacting.”

How universal is it?

Colleagues in the field found the results intriguing. Jeremy Gray, an associate professor of psychology at Yale University, said the study “was very well done,” adding that “the key point is great, that features of the group can be more important than features of the individuals that make up the group, for determining outcomes.”

However, Gray, responding to questions by e-mail, noted that the study raises additional questions for further investigation. Beyond the relatively routine tasks used in the study, he wrote, “high-stakes or high-risk situations would also be very important to understand. There is no guarantee that the same pattern of results would hold, for example, for a jury deliberating a death-penalty case, a corporate board facing a hostile-takeover bid, criminal gangs battling a rival gang, and so on. We just don’t know yet.” Moreover, he added, “clarifying the conditions under which the proportion of women makes a difference would be interesting.”

Malone said the co-authors “definitely intend to continue research on this topic,” including studies on the ways groups interact online, and are “considering further studies on the gender question.” He added that “collective stupidity,” the failure of a group to perform to the abilities of its members, exists along with collective intelligence. “Part of the research agenda for this field is to understand better the conditions that lead to one rather than the other,” Malone explained. “Many factors can affect a group’s intelligence, including the social sensitivity, norms, and motivations of group members, as well as the composition of the group.” For now, Malone said his group has identified a general principle indicating how the whole really can be greater than the sum of the parts.

“Having a bunch of smart people in a group doesn’t necessarily make the group smart,” concluded Malone.




Article found and contributed by:

Mohd. Navaid Khan

Photography Competition

Posted: October 5, 2010 in Photography Club

The human eyes are inherently inclined to see the cheerful side of everything. There is a dormant flame inside every human to behold the beauty bestowed upon us by nature. The Chrysalis Photography Club takes the opportunity to rekindle that flame.

Submit your photographs  (each with a caption or relevant details) at the earliest to : or

Just capture the beauty spread all around us with a click and share that ecstatic feeling with us.

The best photographs will be put up on various bulletin boards of IPDO and shall be considered for Elixir.

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Rebuses – 2

Posted: September 17, 2010 in Literary Club

Here is the second set of  Rebuses ( 11 in all ) for you.  Lets see how fast can you solve this set.

Good Luck and have fun solving !!

Contributed by :  Animesh K

Click The Link Below To See The Answers to Rebuses-1 :


Rebuses – 1 (Answers)

Posted: September 9, 2010 in Literary Club

Here are the answers of Rebuses-1.

1. Vitamin A Deficiency

2. Partly Cloudy

3. In the middle of the night

4. Without a second glance

5. Forgive and Forget

6. Water or H2O

7. Robin Hood (This one was tough)

8. Balanced Meal

9. Millionaire

10. Long Time No See

Congratulations Nishant, you got all of them correct !!

Bhakti and Animesh– Well Tried !!


Posted: February 2, 2010 in Hobbies Club, Literary Club, Moderators








Every body knows that China is the largest nation in terms of population.  But DID U KNOW about ‘The Republic of Molossia’,One of the oldest micronations, located in Dayton, Nevada. It is inhabited by only four citizens, one of whom, Kevin Baugh is the president. It was founded in May 1977 by Baugh when he was aged fourteen and was formerly known as the republic of Vuldnstein. It has its own space program, has a railway and issues currency (valora) as well. In 2000, Molassia staged the first ever Micronation Olympic games in tune with the Sydney Olympics.



Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are witren, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.

 “ If u could read this that means the research is right”!!!




Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and is the largest planet in the solar system. If Jupiter were hollow, more than one thousand Earths could fit inside. It also contains two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined and weighs three hundred times more than Earth It has a mass of 1.9 x 1027 kg and is 142,800 kilometers (88,736 miles) across the equator.but DID U KNOW that Jupiter technically has no surface as it is entirely made out of gas.



  •   The gravitational pull of the jupiter is so high that anything and everything that passes the planets gets pulled towards it.
  •  Jupiter has 63 moons and one of them is volcanically active and it is the only moon in the entire solar system to be in such a state.



Posted: October 1, 2009 in Events, Hobbies Club, Literary Club


1. The new edition of which automobile brand is being advertised with the baseline ‘IT DRIVES YOU’?

2.T Venkattram Reddy has been elected president of the Indian Newspaper Society (INS) for the year 2009-10. He is the chairman of which company?

3.Name the book which opens with the line ‘All children, except one grew up’?


The following words are written as curse on whose grave

”’Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare,

To digg the dvst encloased heare.

Blest be ye man yt spares thes stones,

And cvrst be he yt moves my bones”’

5.What game was created as a after dinner game, played with the bottle cork and the cigarette cases over the dining table?


6.Identify the flower







7.”Web head” is the name of which comic character?

8.Which health care provider, founded by Prathap C Reddy is the largest in Asia?

9.This new avatar of a well-known brand talks about its new shape, by calling all others as boxes. The ad shows and talks of all people with different occupations, being in boxes. What is being introduced in this ad?

10. Can u make 120 with 5 zeros?

Add on your comments…..Lets See who is first!!!!

Many a times, we use to put date stamps on the photographs that don’t look good. It really detracts from the picture. One nice thing about digital cameras is that they automatically embed the date in the EXIF metadata that is stored in the file, so you don’t need to have the date directly on the image. If you do need to put the date directly on a digital photo, add some extra pixels to the bottom of the document and put the date there or at least put it on an inconspicuous part of the image.

 But now comes a question, if you already have a date stamp on the photo then how to remove it??

There are several ways for it

1. Remove the Date by Cropping the Picture: Cropping is an easy fix, but it isn’t always ideal, as it may even cut out of the picture.

2. Remove the Date by Blocking it Out: This is again a simple technique where you can make a rectangular selection around the date and filled it with a solid color that is similar to the background and then blurred the edges so they would blend into the surroundings. But it’s clearly not seamless. However, the result is a lot less jarring than the bright yellow date we had in the original photo.

3. Remove the Date with the Rubber Stamp or Clone Tool: Most photo-editing software has a rubber stamp or clone tool that can work well for removing a date from a photo, especially if the date is over a solidly textured area of the photo. Although the cloning is not that obvious when the image is viewed at 100% magnification, it can be detected at a higher magnification.

4. Remove the Date with the Healing or Patch Tool (Photoshop): Photoshop offers a patch tool and a healing brush which quickly remove flaws while preserving the background texture in the surrounding area. Photoshop Elements has similar tools — the spot healing tool and the healing brush. The overall results might not be perfect, but they are pretty darn good.

5. Akvis Retoucher: This is the best tool available for removing irrelevant texts or objects, for example, a date stamp and the results are very good.


Akvis Retoucher:

AKVIS Retoucher is an efficient program for photo restoration and photo retouching, which not only removes dust, scratches, stains and other defects that appear on damaged photos but is also able to reconstruct missing parts of a photo using the information of the surrounding areas.

The work is done automatically; you only have to indicate areas to be restored, push the button, and here you are – the surface becomes smooth and imperfections disappear. It looks like magic when you observe the scratches vanishing before your very eyes.

It is possible to remove date stamps, logos, small irrelevant details(wires, refuse bins, etc) and even bigger objects (i.e. people who fell into the shot by accident, cars in the background). If you need to increase the canvas size (from one side or proportionally) to bring the main object into focus, i.e. to center it, AKVIS Retoucher will help you to extend image patterns to the blank areas of the canvas.

AKVIS Retoucher can be used for the following purposes:

a) Restore old and damaged photos from your family archive by removing scratches, stains and other defects

b) Improve the composition of photos by removing the date stamp, distracting details (wires, refuse bins, etc) and by extending the photo canvas (increase the image canvas and the plug-in will recreate the image patterns in the blank areas)

c) Reconstructing the missing parts of the photo (to restore a torn photo, in polygraphy to extend the borders of a layout that does not have space for cropping).

 Now lets see how it works…

Let’s take a photo that contains a date stamp:


The wires in the upper part of the photo spoil the picture, too. They look irrelevant on this picturesque photo of a park. We will seize the occasion and get rid of these wires, minor scratches and the date stamp altogether.

First of all we should select the irrelevant objects. You can use any selection tool of your photo editor to make the selection.

The easiest way to make a precise selection in Adobe Photoshop is to use the Quick Mask mode. Switch to the Quick Mask mode and paint over the defects with a pencil or a hard edge brush.


Then switch to the Standard mode and inverse the selection. As a result, the date stamp, the wires, and the scratches get selected.


When the areas for restoration are selected you can call AKVIS Retoucher plug-in.

a)      In Adobe Photoshop select Filter – AKVIS – Retoucher in the menu

b)      In Corel Paint Shop Pro select Effects – Plugins- AKVIS – Retoucher

c)      In Corel PHOTO-PAINT use Effects – AKVIS – Retoucher.


and press the button 6

The program restores the picture on its own; you can wait and see the defects disappearing. 

Here is the outcome…..


 For Details:


Hope this will help you in modifying you pics in an easier way

Keep on shooting, keep on editing

Team Chrysalis

Chrysalis Poster

Posted: September 17, 2010 in Gallery, Uncategorized